Lahontan Cutthroat Trout
Although fish may not be as glamorized as mammals and and birds they are extremely impressive when you think about it. For example, The Lanhontan Cutthroat Trout is the largest native trout in North America being reported to grow as large at 40 lbs and 4 feet long. These polka dot fish have the name cutthroat for the red marks that appear near their jaw.
These trout have been endeared for close to fifty years now, effected by dams and natural river alterations. This project allowed us to focus on the importance of every species out there and acknowledge how humans are impacting their wellbeing.
Photo credits: The Western Native Trout Initiative
Alivia Thomas & Lucy Stout
Lost River Sucker
The Lost River Sucker is an endangered species of fish that resides in the Klamath Basin, which is in northern California and Southern Oregon. Commonly known as Mullet, Much of their population decline is due to habitat destruction. Photo credits: USGS, Western Fisheries Research Center (public domain).
Photo credit: USGS, Western Fisheries Research Center (Public domain.)
The Bull Trout is a threatened Oregon Species that can be mostly found in rivers. It has prominent spots that can range from white and yellow all the way to a flare orange and dark red. It is important for fishers to be able to identify them so that they can release them, but that can be challenging to supervise because of the freedom that is given to anglers. Bull trout are native throughout the Pacific Northwest, but are found in Oregon in the Willamette river. They can also be spotted in the headwater areas of the Columbia, Snake, and Klamath rivers. The Bull trout are very sensitive to water temperature, as they can only live in waters that are 60oF. The species is threatened by multiple factors, rather than just one. Climate change, non-native species of fish, logging, roadside construction, dams, and other forces have made an impact on the Bull trout’s habitat.
The Photo Credit: US Fish and Wildlife Service
Moriah Arnold & Cade Hole
Pacific lampreys have a round sucker-like mouth, no scales, and gill openings. They are born in freshwater and and burrow into the banks to grow and live as filter feeders for 3 to 7 years and eat primarily on diatoms and algae. After this they head downstream to live in a marine environment for a few years and live parasitically off of Pacific salmon, flatfish, rockfish, and pollock. Their decline in part is due to blockage of passage up or down stream, poisonings of the water source by chemicals as well as predation by non-native fish.
Photo Credit: Freshwaters Illustrated
The shortnose sucker is an endangered fish who makes it home in deep lakes and reservoirs. It’s population has been steadily decreasing due to the degradation of its native habitat. With the change of agricultural usage of water in the Klamath Basin, the wetlands have been greatly reduced, therefore reducing the availability of habitat for the shortnose sucker. Efforts to conserve this fish have been in place since 2015.